As far as the world is concerned, global warming increasingly poses one of the biggest long-term threats to the mankind. Global warming is the rise in temperature on the Earth’s surface which keeps the mother earth warmer. This rise in temperature is due to the CO2 gas in the atmosphere. Human plays a major role in increasing the carbon-dioxide gas into the earth’s atmosphere. When this atmospheric concentration of CO2 rises, it leads to climatic change which radiates high thermal energy to the earth’s surface. The greenhouse effect is more analyzed in the Polar Regions of Arctic and Antarctic region.
Even though we are living in a digital world, there is still a puzzle to find the alternate solutions or remedies to control global warming. Natural disasters can’t be controlled manually, but now even man-made disasters are also becoming uncontrollable due to their activities against nature. Carbon-dioxide enters the atmosphere via burning these fossil fuels like coal, natural gases, and oil, cutting down the trees and naming as deforestation, and use of automobiles. Apart from other harmful atmospheric gases like methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases (HFC, PFC) CO2has the major part of the greenhouse effect.
There are three factors which determine the climatic change. How much of these gases stay in the atmosphere? How long do they stay? How strongly do they impact? The answers to these questions bring the measurements and analyses of climatic change of the year. Among 100%, the actual source of this global warming lies in the human activities by means of electricity (35%), transportation (32%), industry (15%), residential and commercial uses (10%), others (8%). Unfortunately, forests are being destroyed by the humans for their own uses and this cutting down trees goes increasing rapidly. Logging and clearing the land brings a key to unlock the climate change by the release of huge amount of CO2.
Carbon footprints are scientifically defined as the measurement of total amount of greenhouse effect that caused either in direct or indirect activities of humans expressed in terms of tons of CO2. It can be measured for a particular nation or events or organization by measuring greenhouse gases emissions. Carbon footprints are measured for direct and indirect activities. Direct activities include burning of fossil fuels, passenger’s transports like road, flight, rail, and sea. Indirect activities include food like meat eaters, textiles like cotton, nylon, wool, materials made of carbon, and manufacturing of cement for the construction works.
There are many volunteers, organizations, and even local governments who are striving hard to control the carbon footprint by talking and motivating the people to participate in the protecting the environment. Over last 150 year, human activities are responsible for the contribution of raising the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere especially in many developed countries. When we calculate this carbon footprint in all over the world by estimating in a graphical representation, it clearly shows the topmost position which is undertaken by most of the developed countries than developing countries.
Effects of global warming begin to show its negative impacts on human beings by means of various ways. Increasing the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere raises the sea level as well as coastal flooding. Deforestation leads to higher spring-summer seasons and also, earlier snowmelt lays the reason for longer hotter and drier condition. This also ignites the forest and spreads widely across all parts of the region. A rapid rise in global warming leads to cause several health risks to the humans by emitting dangerous heat waves. Due to climate change, some areas may suffer severe drought conditions with water scarcity issues.
The first remedy begins by not burning the fossil fuels and natural gases, as it is the major challenge for humans to come out of it. Instead of using such fossil fuels natural products like plants, derived plastics, wind power, biodiesel can be preferred. Use of carbon-free energy sources like solar power, wind power, geothermal energy, low-head hydrocarbons, and nuclear power reduces the rate of carbon footprints. The second leading source is the transportation, can overcome by switching the mode of transport from automobiles and flights to cycle or walking or other transport which requires Zoplay only human energy. Airplanes can be used for long-distance travels as it consumes more fuels and money which is also the main reason for emission of CO2 gas check source Link. Use of trains for shorter distance reduces the emission caused by airplanes.
Purchase your car which runs with hybrid engine offers superior fuel efficiency and greater mileage and also creates the least impact on protecting the environment. Recycling the used products rather than burning or digging into the soil is also the best way to avoid global warming. Cutting down the trees leads to deforestation. Trees play a vital role in the Earth because plant’s activities are contrasted to the human activities as they inhale CO2 and liberate O2. They are the good absorbers of sound and air, also a shelter for wildlife animals and birds. Planting the trees to make the world look green along busy streets is the only solution for man-made disasters. Consume less energy like switching off the electricity when unused. Television, computers, and other electronic equipment can be unplugged when they are not in use. This leads to consuming efficient electricity and hence humans can also pay very less electric bills when compared to actual rates.